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Types of Risk

Levels of Risk

Risk Matrix

  1. Trivial – No action is required and no documentary records need be kept
  2. Tolerable – No additional controls are required. Monitoring required ensuring controls are maintained
  3. Moderate – Efforts shall be maintained to reduce risk
  4. Substantial – Work shall not be started until risk is reduced. Further controls shall be introduced and new assessment conducted
  5. Intolerable – Work shall not be carried out until the risk is reduced or eliminated and new assessment conducted

Risk - Generic

Hazard Who Severity & Consequences (Potential) ControlMeasure
Hazard
Slip on Waterside environment
All Tolerable
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury
Educate participants about slip hazard and mandate suitable footwear or bare feet
Hazard
Slips, Trips & Falls on route to water
All Tolerable
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury
Educate users on Trip Hazards as well as the safe way to carry SUP and Paddle. Highlight the length of SUP’s and how to avoid hitting things when navigating with them on land.
Hazard
Equipment failure
All Trivial.
Low initial severity if caught quickly. Raising severity if unresolved.
All Kit checked prior to session (SOP Procedure) with a spare paddle carried by Instructor to meet most common equipment failure.
Maintain and inspect all club kit regularly and check any members own kit being used on courses.
Hazard
Damage to property
All Tolerable
Include handling procedures in initial safety briefing.
       
Hazard
Personal impact from board
All Tolerable
Safety briefing to pupils at start of course.
Boards to be secured or moved to safe storage area when not in use, never left unattended in strong winds.
Boards should be left with fins down in public areas so as not to present a hazard.
In blustery, squally conditions the number of boards on lochside should be minimised.
Safe falling highlighted in safety briefing and shore demo to avoid impact with board whilst falling.
Surface
Broken glass, cans or other sharp objects
All Tolerable
Potential for minor injury
Training and rigging areas clearly defined to pupils and instructors.
Training and rigging areas checked and cleaned of excrement and sharp objects before each course
Hazard
Risk of drowning
All Tolerable
Risk of Death
Be able to swim 50m unaided before participating.
Safety briefings, club supplied wetsuits and buoyancy aids as per BSUPA policy
Hazard
Risk of impact injury
All Tolerable
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury
Follow BSUPA guidelines for teaching recognised BSUPA courses. This includes physical distancing of two board lengths from other craft.
Safety briefings to include other water users and hazards that may cause an impact risk. Reinforce whistle messages and to adhere to them without delay.
Hazard
Risk of disease from animal excrement
All Tolerable
Potential for medical issue or death
Training and rigging areas clearly defined to pupils and instructors.
Training and rigging areas checked and cleaned of excrement and sharp objects before each course
Hazard
Risk of water borne diseases
All Tolerable
Potential for medical issue or death
Follow local guidelines for water quality and do not sail in or swallow blue green foam
Shower after immersion in water
Note This may be paused due to Covid restrictions. Advise showering on return home and before eating.
Hazard
Risk of Hyperthermia /Heat exhaustion
All Tolerable
Potential for major injury or death
Wear suitable clothing and footwear for conditions. Club provides Westuits and asks participants to bring suitable footwear.
Hazard
Risk of Covid infection
All Tolerable.
Low risk if managed
Ensure that all particpants understand the Covid policy and Instructors and Covid Officer implement the Covid policy
       
Hazard
Risk of boat being operated by unqualified persons
All Trivial
Only responsible persons allowed access to boat. Only holders of RYA powerboat level 2 to operate safety boat
Hazard
Risk of person falling out of boat when underway
All Tolerable
Crew to be briefed in safety procedures before boarding. Crew to wear suitable clothing and PFD.
Hazard
Risk of boat running out of control if cox’n falls overboard
All Trivial
Cox’n always to use ‘Kill Cord’
Others
Risk of running into person in the water
All Tolerable
Potential for major injury or death
Aim to have a minimum crew of 2 in the boat when providing rescue cover. Assess on annual basis ‘qualified safety boat’ operators and offer update refresher courses if needed
Others
Risk of collision with other water craft
All Tolerable
Potential for major injury
Aim to have a minimum crew of 2 in the boat when providing rescue cover. Assess on annual basis ‘qualified safety boat’ operators and offer update refresher courses if needed
Hazard
Risk of Pollution by petrol/oil spillage from boat
All Tolerable
Risk to entire lochs ecosystem and also other water users
Planned maintenance routine implemented for the boat and engine. Engine and fuel stored in a secure store with spillage berm.
Hazard
Risk of petrol contamination on land
All Tolerable
Petrol to be stored in fuel specific containers
Hazard
Risk of petrol fire/explosion
All Tolerable
BOAT operators to be RYA level 2 powerboat qualified as a minimum
Appropriate fire extinguisher to be available
Storage area labelled with appropriate hazard signage
Hazard
Risk of pollution
All Tolerable
Pollution control measures to be taken when disposing of engine oil. (Collected and taken to refuse centre that accepts oil)

Risks - Lochwinnoch (Castle Semple Loch: Main Site)

The Loch is quite a safe environment with most risks coming from shore hazards, wind and other water users.

Hazard Who Severity & Consequences (Potential) ControlMeasure
Surface
Access road has stones that may injure soles of feet.
All Trivial
Bruised feet.
Educate and recommend footwear to avoid injury
Surface
Floating Marker Buoys, Logs, vegetation and Fishing lines may all cause collision/entanglement hazards.
All water users Tolerable
Falling from board or leash entanglement. Potential for drowning
Educate water users but also use zoning to minimise time near known hazards. Ensure thhey understand how Leash Quick Release operates.
Surface
Pontoons
All Tolerable
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury
Educate around how slippy the pontoons can be when wet and covered in bird droppings. Ban running on them. Educate about concussion hazard if standing on board within two board lengths of teh pontoons. Mandate kneeling within this distance.
Surface
Wooden loch siding
All Tolerable
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury
Educate around how VERY slippy the wood is along the lochside path at the car park. Mandate kneeling within two board lengths of the lochside
Surface
Submerged lochside path
All Water Users Trivial
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury
Educate water users that the path is often submerged an d forms a submerged trip hazard. Mandate they are kneeling if within two board lengths of the normal lochside. Educate as to where this is if they are unfamiliar with the loch.
Surface
River Calder
All Water Users Tolerable
Bruises and broken bones up to concussion and neck injury. Drowning
Educate around how shallow the mouth of the river calder is. Highlight that treee branches and other hazards are washed down it and may cause submerged hazards. Zone to avoid but mandate kneeling if forced to cross this area (usually to avoid strong SW winds).
Others
Rowers, Sailors, Kayakers, Powerboats and other SUP users
All water users Tolerable
Low likelihood of collission
These users normally follow preictable patterns and can be avoided with simple zoning and awareness given in on shore briefing (See Dynamic Risks)
Environment
Fog can lie heavily over the lochs water surface. It may feel reasonable to enter the water but upon losing site of shore it is easy to become disoriented.
All water users Trivial
Infrequent an more prevalent in early morning sessions
Do not run sessions when there is fog on the loch. Wait for it to clear. Educate that the rowing lane markers can be used as reference points if needed.
Environment
Blue Green Algae
All Water Users Tolerable
Potential for stomache upsets if ingested
Educate water users to limit ingestion of the water and to wash hands and face before any subsequent activities.

Risks - Dynamic

Hazard Who Severity & Consequences (Potential) ControlMeasure
Surface
Wind chop
All water users Winds may raise small sharp waves (wind chop) that make it difficult for students to stand on their boards. This raises a falling hazard with a small potential for injury or Drowning Ensure that Wind Chop is constantly monitored with a preference for going directly into or away from it. This removes the rolling moment that causes most students to fall.
Hazard
Floating submerged logs
All water users Higher risk after heavy rain After heavy rain it is common for tree branches to get washed down the river and into the loch. This usually puts them in the middle of the loch and downriver from the River Calders mouth. Use zoning to avoid this area and make students aware in the safety briefing if they have to cross it.
Others
Sailors
All water users Collision Educate around likely areas of meeting sailors and zone to avoid this. Sailors will congregate around route marking buoys and this is an example of a location to avoid.
Others
Rowers
All water users High speed collision Educate around the high speed that rowers travel. Highlight that they are looking backwards and have very limited steering ability. Zone to avoid rowing course or training lanes where possible. If forced to cross, then do so in a managed group, that is under close supervision by lead instructor.
Others
Kayakers
All water users Low severity of impact Kayakers rarely pose a hazard to SUP students but they do need to be tracked near dusk as they are low to the water and easy to miss.
Others
MotorBoats
All water users Severe impact but low likelihood The only motorboats on the loch are rescue, training and coaching boats. They follow predictable patterns. Ensure that all instructors understand these patterns. Highlight any relevant motorboat patterns to students.
Others
SUP boarders
All water users Low chance of collision Ensure that SUP boarders stay at least two board lengths apart at all times.
Environment
Unexpectedly poor weather
All Low initial severity if caught quickly. Raising severity if unresolved. Instructor to maintaina constant watch on weather conditions and curtail the session before it becomes a problem. Make students aware in onshore demo that this may happen.
       

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